Lithochemical parameters in equilibrium systems of modern sedimentation in lakes and on the sea shelf


  • Kalugin, I.A. 1
  • Gaskova, O.L. 1, 2
  • Meydan, A.F. 3
  • Babich, V.V. 1
  • Markovich, T.I. 1
  • Astakhov, A.S. 4
  • 1 Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy SB RAS, 3 Akademik Koptyug ave., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
    2 Novosibirsk State University, 1 Pirogov str., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
    3 Yuzuncu Yil University, Faculty of Geological Engineering, Van, 65000, Turkey
    4 Ilyichev Pacific Oceanological Institute FEB RAS, 43 Baltiyskaya str., Vladivostok, 690041, Russia



sedimentation, paleoclimate, time series, physicochemical modeling


The work combines physicochemical and statistical modeling in the description of marine and continental salt water bodies. Sedimentary systems consist of aluminosilicate, carbonate and organogenic source material. Paleoclimatic changes are traditionally considered in the time scale. However, the real fluctuation amplitude of the target natural parameter is usually absent or has insufficient resolution for quantitative paleoclimatic reconstructions. Accessible quantitative analysis of time series is based on mineralogy and geochemistry of bottom sediments. Ahalytical complex includes X-ray phase diagnostics of minerals, SEM and XRF analysis of bulk chemical composition, isotopic dating and counting of annual rhythms. Modern high-resolution techiquem like scanning XRF SR with a measurement step of 1 mm successfully provides the necessary synchronization between analytical data and instrumental seasonal-annual observations. Multiple regression methods are used to calculate the transfer functions for transforming the elemental composition of sediments into time series of the desired target environment. Additional physicochemical equilibrium estimates of sedimentation were calculated, confirming the convergence of the parameters of the selected multisystem (rock + liquid + gas) with environmental conditions. For equilibrium systems, time series of absolute values of the desired parameters, such as temperature, salinity, pH, redox environment, etc., were calibrated with synchronous weather and climate fluctuations. In particular, the reconstruction of marine sediments opened up the prospect of studying the periodicity of ice-free periods in the Arctic Ocean, using quantitative estimates of external conditions from the lithochemistry of bottom sediments.