Climate signals in the Holocene bottom sediments of shallow saline lakes of the Southwestern Siberia


  • Solotchin, P.A. 1
  • Solotchina, E.P. 1
  • Kuzmin, M.I. 2
  • Maltsev, A.E. 1
  • Leonova, G.A. 1
  • Krivonogov, S.K. 1
  • Zhdanova, A.N. 1
  • 1 V.S. Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 3 Akad. Koptyug Pr., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
    2 A.P. Vinogradov Institute of Geochemistry Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Favorskogo Str., 1a, Irkutsk, 664033, Russia



saline lake, bottom sediments, carbonates, XRD analysis, Holocene, paleoclimate, Western Siberia


We present the results of the study of the Holocene sediments from two shal low lakes of different salinity located in the East Baraba lowland (Southwestern Siberia). The research methods: X-ray diffractometry (XRD), IR spectroscopy, laser particle size analysis, AMS dating, etc. By the mathematical modeling of complex XRD patterns Mg-calcites with different Mg contents, excess-Ca dolomite and aragonite have been established in the assemblages of carbonate minerals. Based on studies of mineralogical-crystallochemical features and quantitative ratios of Ca-Mg carbonates the evolution stages of lakes corresponding to the regional cycles of aridization/humidization were identified and the correlations with global climatic events were carried out. The obtained results is an important source of new information about the Holocene climate in the Southwestern Siberia.