Preliminary results of diatom analysis of bottom sediments from Lake Maloe Miassovo (Cheluabinsk Region, Russia)


  • Valieva, E.A. 1
  • Nigamatzyanova, G.R. 1
  • Nurgaliev, D.K. 1
  • Frolova, L.A. 1
  • 1 Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kremlevskaya str.18, Kazan, 420008, Russia



bottom sediments, climate, diatom algae, Lake Maloe Miassovo


In this study the diatom results of analysis a 510 cm long continuous sediments core from Lake Maloe Miassovo (South Urals, Russia) are presented. The core was collected in July 2018 from central part of the lake from a depth of 7 m. Diatom analysis of samples revealed 38 taxa, belonging to 29 genera and 18 family. The analysis of the ecological structure of the diatom flora of the sediment core sample from the lake under study shows that it is dominated by the Holarctic representatives of benthic and fouling organisms giving preference to the alkaline environmental conditions, which is due to the shallowness of the lake. The prevalence of Staurosira construens Ehrenberg diatom in sediments have been established. Diatom diagram has been divided into two diatom zones on the basis on changing diatom abundances and taxa composition Diatoms were found in low concentrations, or were absent in the lower part of the core of bottom sediments, which could be due to a lack of organic substances, as well as low air and water temperatures. The composition of diatom complexes almost unchanged in the upper part, but their concentration increases significantly.